Remedial Ed--Little Bang for the Buck

Remedial Ed--Little Bang for the Buck
February 1, 1999



Despite congressionally funded assessments documenting that the two programs have been failures from the beginning, some 1.2 million Title I and Special Education teachers, aides, and professional supporters are providing remedial reading, math, and language arts lessons to 16 million allegedly disadvantaged and disabled students--36 percent of the nation's 45 million public school students.



Title I Growth Since 1988

  • Spending has increased from $4 billion in 1988 to about $10 billion today--largely paid with federal tax dollars.
  • Enrollment has more than doubled, from 5 million to 10.5 million.
  • The number of teachers and support staff has also more than doubled, from 150,000 to an estimated 350,000.
  • The number of participating schools has grown from 2,773 in 1993, to 14,000 in 1997, to an estimated 16,000 in 1998.
  • Nearly 20 percent of the nation's public schools are now "school-wide Title I schools" whose curriculum is controlled by federal administrators.



Special Ed Growth Since 1988

  • Spending has tripled, from $19 billion in 1988 to an estimated $55 million in 1998--largely paid by state and local tax dollars.
  • Enrollment is up, from 4.3 million to 5.5 million--but only 1 million special ed students have physical or mental handicaps.
  • The number of Special Ed employees has increased from 500,000 in 1988 to and estimated 850,000 in 1998.