SRN Just the Facts: Charter School Legislation: State Rankings

SRN Just the Facts: Charter School Legislation: State Rankings
March 1, 2001


States With No Charter Laws

Alabama

Iowa

Indiana

Kentucky

Maryland

Maine

Montana

North Dakota

Nebraska

South Dakota

Tennessee

Vermont

Washington

West Virginia


The Center for Education Reform has developed a ranking of state charter laws, from the strongest to the weakest, based on how each law encourages or inhibits the development of autonomous charter schools. CER takes each of 10 criteria conducive to the creation of charter schools and awards each state's specific charter school legislation a score of 0 to 5, based on how well the law meets each of the criteria (strongly support = 5; strongly restrict = 0).

CER defines strong or moderately effective charter laws as those which support, or are likely to support, at least some significant development of autonomous charter schools. Weak or ineffective laws are those which have thwarted, or are unlikely to spur, significant charter activity.


Growth of Charter Schools
Year # of
Charter Schools
1991 0
1992 1
1993 36
1994 84
1995 251
1996 442
1997 778
1998 1128
1998 1128
1999 1689
2000 2036
2000 GOAL 3000
proposed by Bill Clinton



About the Grades in the table below:

"A" (40-50 score): Laws contribute positively to charter school growth and development, and allow for a significant number of charter schools.

"B" (30-39 score): Laws allow for healthy growth of charter schools, but some significant provisions may impede growth.

"C" (20-29 score): Laws allow for a good number of schools, but pose significant challenges to a healthy charter environment.

"D" (10-19 score): Laws allow conventional education bureaucracies to regulate the establishment and operation of charter schools, discouraging the opening of schools.

"F" (0-9 score): Charter laws in name only, offering no real environment for charter schools.



 

 


Charter School Legislation: State Rankings - Part 1
Grade State Rank 2000 Rank 1999 Number of
Charter Schools
Year Charter
Law Passed
Total Score Number of
schools allowed
Multiple
chartering
authorities
A Arizona 1 1 417 '94 46.25 4.50 4.50
A Michigan 2 2 184 '93 45.30 4.30 5.00
A Minnesota 3 6 68 '91 45.00 5.00 4.50
A Dist. of Columbia 4 3 36 '96 45.00 4.50 4.00
A Delaware 5 4 7 '95 43.20 3.70 2.40
A Massachusetts 6 5 41 '93 42.00 3.30 3.30
A Texas 7 9 159 '95 40.75 4.00 3.25
A California 8 10 274 '92 40.00 5.00 4.50
A Florida 9 13 152 '96 40.00 3.50 3.50
B New York 10 7 23 '98 39.60 2.30 3.30
B North Carolina 11 8 90 '96 37.50 3.50 3.50
B Pennsylvania 12 16 65 '97 36.75 5.00 3.25
B Colorado 13 12 79 '93 36.50 4.50 3.00
B Missouri 14 15 21 '98 36.10 2.30 4.00
B South Carolina 15 11 8 '96 36.00 4.50 1.50
B Oregon 16 N/A 12 '99 35.75 3.25 2.00
B New Jersey 17 17 55 '96 34.00 4.00 3.30
B Oklahoma 18 N/A 6 '99 33.50 2.50 2.00
B Wisconsin 19 18 87 '93 30.20 5.00 3.50
C Illinois 20 20 22 '96 28.00 2.00 1.00
C New Hampshire 21 19 0 '95 27.70 1.70 0.70
C Georgia 22 21 38 '93 27.00 5.00 1.00
C Ohio 23 23 70 '97 27.00 1.70 2.70
C Louisiana 24 14 23 '95 26.50 2.00 2.50
C Idaho 25 24 9 '98 25.60 2.60 1.30
C Nevada 26 27 7 '97 25.50 2.50 1.00
C Connecticut 27 22 16 '96 23.00 2.50 2.50
C Utah 28 25 8 '98 21.60 0.60 2.00
C Alaska 29 26 17 '95 21.00 2.30 0.30
D New Mexico 30 33 11 '93 18.75 2.50 2.25
D Hawaii 31 32 6 ' 94 16.00 1.00 1.00
D Wyoming 32 29 0 '95 15.00 5.00 0.00
D Rhode Island 33 28 3 '95 14.50 1.00 1.00
D Arkansas 34 34 4 '95 13.50 2.50 1.00
D Virginia 35 30 2 '98 11.90 1.60 1.00
D Kansas 36 31 15 '94 11.30 0.70 0.00
F Mississippi 37 35 1 '97 1.30 0.00 0.00

 



Charter School Legislation: State Rankings - Part 2
Grade State Eligible charter applicants New starts
allowed
School may be started without formal evidence of local support Automatic waiver from state and district laws Legal/ operational
autonomy
Guaranteed
full per-pupil funding
Fiscal
autonomy
Exempt from
collective bargaining agreement/
district work rules
A Arizona 5.00 4.50 5.00 4.50 5.00 3.50 5.00 4.75
A Michigan 4.70 4.70 5.00 2.70 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.00
A Minnesota 5.00 4.50 3.50 5.00 4.50 3.50 5.00 4.50
A Dist. of Columbia 5.00 5.00 3.00 5.00 4.50 4.50 4.50 5.00
A Delaware 4.40 4.90 3.50 4.40 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.90
A Massachusetts 4.30 5.00 4.00 3.00 4.70 5.00 5.00 4.30
A Texas 4.25 4.75 3.50 5.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00
A California 5.00 4.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 4.50 4.00 4.00
A Florida 5.00 4.00 3.00 3.00 3.50 5.00 5.00 4.50
B New York 4.00 5.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 2.60 5.00 3.30
B North Carolina 4.50 4.50 3.00 4.00 3.00 4.50 4.00 3.00
B Pennsylvania 4.50 4.50 3.50 3.00 3.00 2.50 3.50 4.00
B Colorado 4.00 3.25 3.00 3.25 2.75 3.75 4.50 4.50
B Missouri 1.00 4.60 4.00 4.00 4.20 4.00 4.00 4.00
B South Carolina 3.50 3.50 2.00 4.50 3.50 5.00 4.50 3.50
B Oregon 4.50 4.00 5.00 3.50 3.50 3.25 2.50 4.25
B New Jersey 4.00 4.30 3.00 1.00 4.70 2.00 5.00 2.70
B Oklahoma 5.00 4.50 5.00 2.50 1.00 4.00 3.00 4.00
B Wisconsin 4.60 4.60 2.10 2.90 .00 1.40 1.80 1.30
C Illinois 4.00 3.50 1.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.50 4.00
C New Hampshire 3.70 3.70 0.00 4.70 3.70 0.00 5.00 4.70
C Georgia 4.00 4.00 2.50 5.00 0.00 2.00 2.00 1.50
C Ohio 3.00 2.70 4.70 3.00 1.70 2.70 2.70 2.30
C Louisiana 3.50 4.00 2.00 2.50 1.00 3.00 4.50 1.50
C Idaho 3.00 4.80 1.00 4.30 0.00 3.00 1.60 4.00
C Nevada 2.00 4.50 5.00 2.50 1.50 3.50 1.00 2.00
C Connecticut 1.50 3.50 1.00 2.50 0.50 3.50 3.00 2.50
C Utah 4.30 4.10 2.50 0.60 1.60 0.30 1.30 4.30
C Alaska 4.70 5.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 3.30 4.00 0.00
D New Mexico 2.00 3.50 3.00 0.50 0.00 3.00 2.00 0.00
D Hawaii 1.50 3.00 2.00 4.50 0.50 1.50 1.00 0.00
D Wyoming 4.30 4.00 1.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
D Rhode Island 2.50 4.00 0.00 0.50 0.50 3.50 1.50 0.00
D Arkansas 2.50 3.50 2.50 0.00 0.00 1.50 0.00 0.00
D Virginia 2.60 2.30 2.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.00 0.00
D Kansas 4.30 4.70 1.00 0.30 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.00
F Mississippi 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00