Illinois Fairs’ Losses Top $70 Million; Leaders’ Ethics, Qualifications Questioned
The long-time directors of both the Illinois State Fair and the DuQuoin State Fair have a lot in common.
Both were disciplined recently for unethical conduct, both have operated their event at a loss, and both come from political backgrounds with no professional experience managing fairs before taking their jobs with the Illinois Department of Agriculture.
Amy Bliefnick is the current director of the Illinois State Fair and receives a salary of $90,408. John Rednour, Jr. left his $91,200 position managing the DuQuoin State Fair in January.
Places for Patronage
The two state fairs, which have lost $71.2 million over the last 20 years, have long been a staple of the patronage system.
“George Ryan appointed me State Fair director as a reward for the help I gave him in getting elected,” said Harold “Bud” Ford, Bliefnick’s predecessor.
“I worked on his campaign and helped George carry 25 counties in northern Illinois. I let him know that the only position in the administration I was interested in was heading the State Fair.”
Bliefnick was appointed State Fair manager by Gov. Rod Blagojevich (D), after she made an unsuccessful race as a Democrat for the state legislature. Gov. Pat Quinn (D) allowed her to continue in that role, despite her two-day suspension earlier this year for violating state ethics laws. She had accepted free beer tent tickets from a State Fair vendor.
Bliefnick told Illinois News Network she made a mistake and the tickets were used for promotional purposes only.
Bipartisan Personal Rewards
Bliefnick is hardly the first fair manager to come from a political background. Gov. Jim Edgar (R) appointed Bud Hall to be his State Fair director. Hall was a state senator’s brother, Edgar’s tennis partner, and a volunteer for the governor’s campaigns.
“Illinois and New York stand out because those are the two states where people from political backgrounds tend to get appointed to run state fairs,” said Marla Calico, chief operating officer of the International Association of Fairs and Expositions.
Calico said the trend in fair management is to appoint people from backgrounds other than politics.
“If you look at managers who are involved with fairs today, they come from a wide variety of backgrounds,” she said. “They may come from facilities management. They may come from an agricultural background. They may have grown up in the business.”
Money-Making Private Fair
Errol McKoy managed the State Fair of Texas for 26 years, routinely ending each year $8 million to $9 million in the black. Before taking the helm at the fair, he was an executive with Six Flags Entertainment Corporation.
He retired as a fair manager this year.
“These managers who come from backgrounds managing athletic facilities or entertainment venues or in my case amusement parks have a real advantage over other managers,” he said. “It is hard for someone to get up to speed if their background is in something unrelated—like retail. And it’s got to be tough when the manager is always changing when a new governor is elected.”
Unlike in Illinois, the Texas fair is not a part of state government.
“We are a nonprofit. We pay for everything out our own pocketbook. We don’t get a subsidy from anyone. Losing money is not an option for us,” McKoy said.
All profits generated by the Texas fair are used for fairgrounds improvements, which, for most of the year, functions as a Dallas park. The fair pays the city $1.2 million in rent, McKoy said.
Former DuQuoin State Fair director John Rednour Jr’s, work experience was much different from McKoy’s when he took the helm of the state fair in Southern Illinois.
‘I Helped Rod Get Elected’
“I got the job because I helped Rod Blagojevich get elected,” he said. “I was the Perry County [Democratic] Chair. My dad campaigned for Rod, too. And the person who had the job before me helped Ryan get elected, and before that it was an Edgar person. But that’s OK. You want a state fair director who reflects the thinking of the governor.”
Before becoming fair director, Rednour was a local liaison for the Illinois comptroller. Rednour’s father was a political powerbroker in Southern Illinois.
Rednour acknowledges his fair ran a deficit each year during his eight-year tenure.
“This is an area that has double-digit unemployment. Parents can’t afford to take their kids to Disney World,” he said. “If you live in Metropolis, it takes five hours to drive to the Illinois State Fair in Springfield. This provides those children with an opportunity they wouldn’t have otherwise.”
Losses Every Year Since 1993
Between 1993 and 2013 the Illinois State Fair lost $55.9 million and the DuQuoin State fair has lost $15.3 million, according to data from the Illinois Auditor General’s office.
Bliefnick, said she isn’t sure it’s possible for the State Fair to operate in the black.
McKoy said his experience has been quite different in Texas.
“When I started, the fair had four or five corporate sponsors and we were taking in $300,000 to $400,000 from them,” he said. “When I retired, the fair had 60 corporate sponsorships worth $6 million.… We offer a lot at the fair that appeals to an urban audience as well as a rural one.”
Scott Reeder (firstname.lastname@example.org) is journalist in residence for the Illinois Policy Institute. Reprinted with permission of Illinois News Network at ilnews.org.